Tylophora indica
Botanical Name:
Tylophora indica

Aantmool consists of dried leaf & / or bark of Tylophora indica (Burm. F.) Merrill. (Synonym Tylophora asthmatica) Family Asclepiadaceae.

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Arkaparni, Lataksiri, Shwasaghni
Assamese: Antamul
Bengali: Antamul
English: Indian ipecacuahna
Guajarati: Damvel
Hindi: Antamul, Jangli pikvam
Kannada: Antamula, Nipaladaberu, Aadumuttada gida
Malayalam: Nansjera-patsja, Vallippala
Marathi: Khadari, Pitthakaadi, Pitthamaari, Pitvel
Oriya: Mendi, Mulini
Tamil: Naippalai, Nancaruppan
Telugu: Kakapala, Tellayadala, Verripala

Botanical description:
It is a small, slender, much branched, velvety, twining or climbing herb with yellowish sap. Rootstock is 2.5-5 cm, thick. Leaves, 6-11 cm long, 3.8-6 cm wide, are ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, with a narrow tip, heart-shaped at base, thick, velvety beneath when young, smooth above. Leaf stalks are up to 1.2 cm long. Flowers are small, 1-1.5 cm across, in 2 to 3-flowered fascicles in cymes in leaf axils. Sepal up is divided nearly to the base, densely hairy outside. Sepals are lance-shaped. Flowers are greenish- yellow or greenish-purple, with oblong pointy petals. Fruit is a follicle, up to 7x1 cm, ovoid-lance shaped.

Parts used:
Bark, Leaves

Major chemical constituents:
Tylophorine, kaempferol, α-amyrin and quercetin, other major alkaloids like tylophorinine, tylophorinidine, desmethylophorine, desmethylophorinine dehydrotylophorinine, anhydrodehydro tylophorinine

Therapeutic uses:
• Anti-asthmatic
• Anti-inflammatory
• Immunomodulator
• Hepatoprotective
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