Abutilon indicum
Botanical Name:
Ficus religiosa

Asvattha consists of dried bark of Ficus religiosa Linn., Family Moraceae.

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Pippala
Assamese: Ahant
Bengali: Asvattha, Ashud, Ashvattha
English: Pipal tree
Guajarati: Piplo, Jari, Piparo, Pipalo
Hindi: Pipala, Pipal
Kannada: Arlo, Ranji, Basri, Ashvatthanara, Ashwatha, Aralimara, Aralegida,
Kashmiri: Bad
Malayalam: Arayal
Marathi: Pipal, Pimpal, Pippal
Oriya: Aswatha
Punjabi: Pipal, Pippal
Tamil: Ashwarthan, Arasamaram, Arasan, Arasu, Arara
Telugu: Ravichettu

Botanical description:
It is a large deciduous tree with few or no aerial roots. It is often epiphytic with the drooping branches bearing long petioled, ovate, cordate shiny leaves. Leaves are bright green, the apex produced into a linear-lanceolate tail about half as long as the main portion of the blade. The receptacles occurring in pairs and are axillary, depressed globose, smooth and purplish when ripe. The bark is grey or ash coloured with thin or membranous flakes and is often covered with crustose lichen patches. The outer bark is not of uniform thickness, the middle bark in sections appear as brownish or light reddish brown. The inner part consists of layers of light yellowish or orange brown granular tissue.

Parts used:
Dried bark

Major chemical constituents:

Therapeutic uses:
• Urinary disorders (Prameha)
• Bleeding disorder (Raktapitta)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Gout (Vatarakta)
• Disorder of female genital tract (Yonidosa)

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