Luffa echinata Roxb.
Botanical Name:
Luffa echinata Roxb.

Devdangri consists of dried fruits of Luffa echinata Roxb, Family Cucurbitaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Akhuvishaka, Bandala, Chaturangaka, Dali, Deodalika, Deotada, Devadali, Devatadaka
Bengali: Deyatada
English: Bitter Sponge Gourd
Hindi: Bidali, Bindaal, Dutar Toru, Duttar-Toru, Ghagara-Bela, Ghagarabela
Kannada: Daevadaali, Daevadangari, Devadangar
Marathi:, Devadali, Devadangari, Kukadvel
Tamil: Kocaratacitta, Kukaitali, Navalokakkalimpupokki
Telugu: Paanibira, Panibira
Urdu: Bindaal

Botanical description:
Luffa echinata Roxb. is a slender climber with bifid bristly or smooth tendrils. Stem is sulcate, slightly hairy to smooth. Leaves are kidney-shaped, round, shallowly or deeply 5-lobed. Tip is rounded or rarely pointed. Leaves are bristly on both surfaces, margin is minutely toothed. Leaf stalk is stout, bristly, up to 12 cm long. Flowers are white, stalked, about 2.5 cm across. Male flowers are borne in 5-12-flowered, up to 15 cm long raceme. Sepal tube is about 5.6 mm long, hairy, sepals lance-shaped. Petals are ovate, 1-1.2 cm long, blunt, hairy at the base. Stamens are 3, with filaments united, 3-9 mm long. Ovary is ovoid. Fruit is ashy, oblong, ovoid, 2-5 cm long, densely covered with 4-7 mm long bristles. Seeds are ovate, black 4-5 mm long, 3-5 mm broad and 2 mm thick. The fruit is intensely bitter and used medicinally.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituents:
Flavonoids and glycoside compounds

Therapeutic uses:
• Hepato-splenic affections (Pilahayakritroga)
• Skin diseases (Kushta)
• Inflammation (Sotha)
• Intestinal colic (Antrasula)
• Sinusitis (Suryavarta)
• Hemorroids (Arsa)
• Odema (Svayathu)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Urinary disorders (Prameha)

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