Taraxacum officinale
Botanical Name:
Taraxacum officinale

Dudhal consists of the entire plant of Taraxacum officinale Weber ex
Wiggers, Family Asteraceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Dugdhapheni, Lootari, Payasvini
Bengali: Pitachumki
English: Dandelion
Hindi: Baran, Dudhal, Dudhi, Dugchipheni, Kanphul, Karatu, Shamuke
Kannada: Kaadu Shaavanthi, Kadusevanti
Kashmiri: Hand
Malayalam: Dugddhapheni
Punjabi: Baran, Radam, Dudh-Bhatthal, Shamu Kei
Telugu: Patri

Botanical description:
A perennial herb consisting of an underground, long, straight, tapering, fleshy brown root, which is continued upward as a simple or branched rhizome. From the rhizome arises a rosette of bright-green runcinate leaves and later, from the centre of the rosette, a hollow scape, 6–30 cm high bearing on its summit a broad orange-yellow head of ligulate flowers. Fruits are fusiform, greenish-brown achenes, terminating in a slender stalk crowned by a silky, spreading pappus, and borne on a globular fruiting head

Parts used:
Whole plant

Major chemical constituents:
Bitter glycosides, carotenoids, terpenoids

Therapeutic uses:
• Abdominal disorders
• Skin diseases
• Anti-pyretic
• Sweat inducing
• General weakness

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