Nardostachys jatamansi
Botanical Name:
Nardostachys jatamansi

Jatamanasi consists of dried rhizome of Nardostachys jatamansi DC, Family Valerianaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Mamsi, Jaa, Jaila
Assamese: Jatamansi, Jatamangshi
Bengali: Jatamamsi
English: Nardus root
Guajarati: Baalchad, Kalichad
Hindi: Balchara
Kannada: Bhootajata, Ganagila maste
Kashmiri: Bhutijata
Malayalam: Manchi, Jatamanchi
Marathi: Jatamansi
Oriya: Jatamansi
Punjabi: Billilotan, Balchhar, Chharguddi
Tamil: Jatamanji
Telugu: Jatamams
Urdu: Sumbul-ut-teeb

Botanical description:
Jatamamsi is an erect perennial herb that is propagated by cuttings of the underground parts. The plant grows to a height ranging from 10 to 60 cm and has stout and long woody root stocks. The long, sessile and oblong-ovate leaves are 15 to 20 cm in length. While the flowers are rosy, slightly pink or blue in dense cymes and one, two or five in number, the rhizomes are thick, fragrant and covered with brown fibers. The plant bears 1/3-inch long fruits that are oval in shape and have a sharp apex.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oil and resinuous matter

Therapeutic uses:
• Burning sensation (Daha)
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• Erysepales (Visarpa)
• Mental disorders (Manasroga)
• Insomnia (Anidra)
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