Astragalus membranaceus
Botanical Name:
Astragalus membranaceus

Katira consists of dried root of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge, Family Fabaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
English: Milk Vetch
Hindi: Katira

Botanical description:
Perennial herb, 25–40 cm tall. Leaves 3–6 cm long; petiole obsolete; stipules free, cauline, green, triangular ovate, sparingly vested on the outside with white hair. Leaflets oblong-obovate, oval or oblong-oval. Racemes oblong-ovoid to ovoid, 4–5cm long, 10–15 flowers; bracts lanceolate. Calyx 8–9mm long, campanulate, strongly oblique, glabrous. Corolla yellowish, 18–20mm long. Ovary glabrous. Root cylindrical or nearly cylindrical with small bases of lateral root dispersed on the surface, and usually not branched; greyish yellow to yellowish brown epidermis and fibrous fracture

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Triterpene saponins (astragalosides I–X), flavonoids, polysaccharides

Therapeutic uses:
• Enhance the immune system (Rasayana)
• Increase stamina and endurance (Balya)

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