Crocus sativus
Botanical Name:
Crocus sativus

Keshar consists of dried style and stigma from the flowers of Crocus sativus Linn, Family Iridaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Kesara, Ghusina, Kasmira, Rakta
Assamese: Kumkum
Bengali: Jafran
English: Saffron
Guajarati: Keshar, Kesar
Hindi: Keshar, Keshara
Kannada: Kunkuma, Kesari
Malayalam: Kunkuma Puvu
Marathi: Keshar
Punjabi: Kesar, Keshar
Tamil: Kungumapuvu
Telugu: Kunkuma Puvvu
Urdu: Zafran

Botanical description:
A perennial, low growing (8–30 cm high), bulbous herb with an underground globular corm, producing six to nine sessile leaves, surrounded in its lower part by four or fi ve broad membranous scales. Flowers borne on the terminal region of a scape, each fl ower consisting of a pale reddishpurple perianth showing a cylindrical tube about 10 cm long and six oblong oval segments, an androecium of three stamens and a gynoecium of three syncarpous carpels. Ovary inferior, three-locular. Style slender, elongated and pale yellow in the perianth tube, divided in its upper part into three drooping, deep-red stigmas.

Parts used:
Dried Stigmas

Major chemical constituent:
Essential Oils, Bitter Glycoside, Picrocrocin and Crocin

Therapeutic uses:
• Emesis (Chardi)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Pigmentation disorder (Vyanga)
• Disease of head (Siroroga)
• Diseases of vision (Drsti Roga)
• Diseases of throat (Kantha Roga)
• Pityriasis versicolor (Sidhma)
• Upward movement of gases (Udavartta)
• Urinary obstruction (Mutraghata)
• Sinusitis (Suryavartta)
• Migraine (Ardhava Bhedaka)

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