Saussurea lappa
Botanical Name:
Saussurea lappa

Kustha consists of dried roots of Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke (Synonym Aucklandia lappa), Family Compositae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Amaya, Pakala
Assamese: Kud, Kur
Bengali: Kudo
English: Costus, Kut Root
Guajarati: Kuth
Hindi: Kutha
Kannada: Changal Kustha
Kashmiri: Kuth
Malayalam: Kottam
Marathi: Upleta, Kustha
Oriya: Kudha
Punjabi: Kuth
Tamil: Goshtam, Kosbtham, Kottam
Telugu: Changalva Koshtu
Urdu: Qust

Botanical description:
Saussurea lappa is a tall, robust, perennial herb with thick cylindrical roots, some slightly curved, 5 ~ 20 cm long, 1 ~ 6 cm in diameter, and sometime split longitudinally. The outer surface is yellowish brown ~ grayish brown with rough longitudinal furrows, fine netted wrinkles, and root branches, and sometimes exhibited with the outer bark peeled and a dented scar left by the stem on the head of root. The texture is hard and difficult to snap off. The cut surface is yellowish brown ~ dark brown. The Xylem and the ray tissue form in the radial shapes. Several fissures and oil cavities are scattered under a magnifying glass. Old roots have with piths in the center, and sometime empty inside. It smells characteristic and tastes bitter.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oil, alkaloid (saussurine) and bitter resin.

Therapeutic uses:
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• Gout (Vatarakta)
• Erysepales (Visarpa)

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