Gloriosa superba
Botanical Name:
Gloriosa superba

Langali consists of dried tuberous root of Gloriosa superba Linn, Family Liliaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Kalihari, Garbhanut, Halini, Agnisikha
Bengali: Bisalanguli
English: Glory Lily
Guajarati: Khadiyanag
Hindi: Kalihari
Kannada: Kolikutumana Gade
Malayalam: Mathonni
Marathi: Karianag
Oriya: Kariyari
Tamil: Kalappoi Kizhangu
Telugu: Potthidumpa

Botanical description:
Gloriosa superba Linn. is a glabrous climbing herb with tuberous root stock grows over hedges and small trees. Stem is 6m long which grows to a height of 1.2-1.5m before the stem branches. Leaves are simple, alternate or whorled, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, 17x4.5 cm, tip elongating into a spirally coiled tendril, base cordate and margin entire. Flowers are large in terminal racemes; perianth segments, linear,flexuosus and deflexed, basal half bright yellow, upper half red; stamens ovary glabrous,3-celled. Fruits are capsules, linear-oblong, upto 6.8cm long, 3 equal lobes, one or two lobes shorter in malformed fruits; green dried to pale and then black colour, dehisced into three sections. Seeds are oval in shape, testa spongy, embryo cylindric, 30-150 seeds per capsule, pale orange attached to the sutures. Tubers are cylindric, large, simple, ‘V’ shaped with the two limps equal or unequal in length pointed towards end brownish externally and yellowish internally.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Alkaloids and Resins

Therapeutic uses:
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• Oedema (Sopha)
• Piles (Arsa)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Pain (Sula)
• Worm infestation (Krmi)
• Pain in urinary system (Bastisula)
• Diseases due to vata dosa (Vatavyadhi)

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