Syzygium aromaticum
Botanical Name:
Syzygium aromaticum

Lavanga is the dried flower bud & / or dried bark of Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merr. & L.M. Perry (Synonyms Eugenia jambolana Lam, E. cuminii Druce.), Family Myrtaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Devapuspa
Assamese: Lavang, Lan, Long
Bengali: Lavang
English: Clove
Guajarati: Lavang, Laving
Hindi: Lavanga, Laung
Kannada: Lavanga
Kashmiri: Rung
Malayalam: Karampu, Karayarnpoovu, Grampu
Marathi: Lavang
Oriya: Labanga
Punjabi: Laung, Long
Tamil: Kirambu, Lavangam
Telugu: Lavangalu
Urdu: Qarnful, Laung

Botanical description:
A large evergreen tree. Bark smooth, branches terete, glabrous with shallow depressions caused by exfoliation. Leaves glabrous with oblong or elliptic oblong, acute or acuminate shining, cariocesous, 6-15 cm by 3-6 cm, usually shortly acuminate, gland dotted, base cuneate, petioles upto 2.5cm long, flower fragrant, tetramerous, small,greenish, subsessile in trichotomous panicles. Auxiliary cyme on old branches. Hypanthium turbinate 0.1 – 0.2” long. Calyx shortly turbinate, limb obscurely 4 lobed, zero in number. Petals usually 4, cream colour, calyptrate, berry ellipsoid or oblong, often curved. Varies much in size, shining black when ripe, juicy, 1 – 2.5cm long, crowned with persistent calyx limb. One seeded. The heartwood is reddish, hard & tough.

Parts used:
Flower bud, dried bark

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oils (eugenalacetate and caryophyllene)

Therapeutic uses:
• Rheumatism (Amlapitta)
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Emesis (Chardi)
• Flatulance with gurgling sound (Adhmana)
• Hiccup (Hikka)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Pthisis (Ksaya)
• Thirst (Trsna)

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