Trichosanthes palmata Roxb
Botanical Name:
Trichosanthes palmata Roxb

Mahakal consists of dried root of Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) Voigt (syn. Trichosanthes palmata Roxb), Family Cucurbitaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Mahakala, Gavadani
Bengali: Maakaal
English: Chinese Cucumber
Gujrati: Raataan Indraayan
Hindi: Maakaal, Mahar Kaundala, Lal Indraayan, Mahakaal
Kannada: Avagudehannu
Malayalam: Kaakkattonti
Marathi: Kaundal, Kavandal
Oriya: Mahaakaal
Punjabi: Kaehree, Aankorattai
Tamil: Korattai
Telugu: Erraa Chedupucca

Botanical description:
A large perennial, up to 9 m in height, dioecious, branched, woody tendril climber. It has a robust stem that is woody below, and has 3-cleft tendrils. The leaves are variable, palmately 3-5 lobed with a cordate base, and the lobes are ovate to oblong with serrate or dentate margins. Male flowers are in axillary 5-10 flowered racemes with large bracts, while the female flowers are solitary. The corolla petals are wedge-shaped, fringed and white in color. The fruits are globose, and when ripe are red with orange streaks.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
TTricuspidatin, 2-o-cucurbitacin J, cucurbitacin B, 23, 24-dihydrocucurbitacin B

Therapeutic uses:
• Cyst (Granthi)
• Abdominal lump (Gulma)
• Fever (Jvara)
• Jaundice (Kamala)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Skin diseases (Kustha)
• Urinary disorders (Prameha)
• Filariasis (Slipada)
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Inguino-scrotal swellings (Vrddhi)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Impaired digestion and metabolism (Amadosa)
• Hernia (Antarvrddhi)
• Diseases of breast (Stanapida)
• Disorder of Spleen, Ascites associated with spleenomegaly (Plihodara)
• Malpresentation of the foetus (Mudhagarbha)

Powered by PHARMAVEDA (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Mumbai, INDIA