Ficus benghalensis
Botanical Name:
Ficus benghalensis

Nyagrodha consists of dried mature stem bark of Ficus bengalensis Linn, Family Moraceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Vata Jata, Bahupada
Bengali: Bar, Bot
English: Banyan Tree
Guajarati: Vad Vadavai
Hindi: Baragada jata, Valajatta
Kannada: Alada Chirugu
Malayalam: Peralveru
Marathi: Vada Paranika
Oriya: Bara gachha
Punjabi: Bardajattu
Tamil: Alamvizhuthu
Telugu: Peddamatti, Marri Udalu
Urdu: Bargad

Botanical description:
Very large evergreen, deciduous, spreading, epiphytic trees with numerous aerial roots from branches, which form into accessory trunks. Tree often reaches a height of 30 metres. Bark grey, smooth. Young part pubescent, aerial roots becomes thick, trunk like after touching the ground. Young shoots pubescent, growing points covered by deciduous spathes. Leaves cariaceous, 4-8” long or attaining 10” by 7.5” in robust specimens, alternate, orbicular-ovate to elliptic, obtuse, entire, minutely pubescent beneath, base rounded or sub-cordate. Petioles upto 4 cm long, strout, stipules 2cm long, sheathing, receptacles 1-2 cm in diameter, in auxiliary pairs, sessile, globose, puberulous, red when ripe, supported on 3 broad cariaceous bracts.

Parts used:
Stem bark

Major chemical constituent:
Tannins, glycosides and flavonoids

Therapeutic uses:
• Burning sensation (Daha)
• Increased frequency and turbidity of urine (Prameha)
• Bleeding disorder (Raktapitta)
• Thirst (Trsna)
• Erysepales (Visarpa)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Disorder of female genital tract (Yonidosa)

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