Butea monosperma
Botanical Name:
Butea monosperma

Palasa consists of dried flower of Butea monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze, (Synonym Butea frondosa Koeing ex Roxb), Family Fabaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Kimsuka, Raktapuspaka, Ksarsrestha
Bengali: Palash
English: Bastard teak, Flame of the Forest,
Guajarati: Khaakharo
Hindi: Dhaak, Tesu, Palaash
Kannada: Muttug, Muttulu
Malayalam: Plashu
Marathi: Palas, Palash paapda
Oriya: Porasu, Kijuko
Punjabi: Tesh
Tamil: Purasu
Telugu: Moduga

Botanical description:
It is a small or moderate size deciduous tree with irregular branches, exuding a red juice when cut. It have usually crooked trunk, black nodose or thick branchlets, untidy in growth & rugged in shape, bark fibrous & light brown or grey in colour. Young shoot downy tomentose. The height of the tree is about 10-15 m. leaves trifoliate, stipellate, petiole 10-25cm long, stipules tomentose. Leaflets coriaceous, rhomboid or broadly obovate from a connate base, the lateral ovate or elliptic oblique, all obtuse, 10-20 cm long, 15-20cm, broad, leathery, finely silky below when young, truning glabrous with age, nerves conspicuous, terminal glabrous with age, nerves conspicuous terminal leaflets obovate, broad, hard, leaves falls off during winter. Flowers large, scarlet & orange about 5 cm long on racemes, upto 15 cm long. Pedicels brown, velvety, flowers borne in great profusion on the usually leaflets the colour of the flower may be yellow, orange, red, orange scarlet in variety of shades branches. Calyx velvety, black, componalate, coriaceous, calyx teeth short, the upper 2 connate, upper lip sub-emarginate, lower with three deltoid teeth, calyx 1.2 cm long, silky white within. Petal colour variable, standard flaming orange, outside grey-silky, pubescent, lateral petals similar to the standar, but narrower, the keel petals united to form a beak, wing falcate. Stramen 10, diadelphous, 9 jointed & 1 free, ovary stalked, 4 ovuled, style curved, stigma capitate, pods profuse, ligulate, style curved, stigma capitate. Pods profuse, ligulate, silky tomentose, 10-15 cm long, 2-4cm broad, pendulous, strongly nerved, pale green, 1 seeded, dehiscent upto the seed, curved with slivery hairs & give impression of foliage, yellowish grey when ripe.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Glycosides and Flavonoids

Therapeutic uses:
• Piles (Arsa)
• Burning sensation (Daha)
• Malabsorbtion syndrome (Grahni)
• Worm infestation (Krmi)
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• Excessive flow of urine (Meha)
• Dysuria (Mutrakrcchra)
• Bleeding disorder (Raktapitta)
• Disorders of blood (Raktavikara)
• Gout (Vatarakta)
• Cyst (Granthi)
• Splenic disease (Pliharoga)
• Itching (Kandu)

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