Mentha viridis
Botanical Name:
Mentha viridis

Pudina consists of the aerial part of Mentha viridis Linn. (Synonym M. spicata var. viridis Linn), Family Lamiaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Putiha, Rocani, Podinakah
Bengali: Pudinaa
English: Spear-Mint, Garden Mint
Guajarati: Phudino
Hindi: Pudeenaa
Marathi: Pudinaa
Punjabi: Parari pudina
Tamil: Pudeenaa
Telugu: Pudeenaa

Botanical description:
Erect, creeping, aromatic, perennial herb, to 50 cm tall. Stems mostly square in cross scetion, hairy. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate to elliptical, broadest below the middle, 2-5 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, serrate; petioles 3- 10 mm long. Flowers in dense, many flowered verticillasters; calyx tubular or campanulate, 2.5-3 mm long, 10-13 nerved, 5-toothed; corolla white or pale rose, 4-5 mm long, corolla tube as long as calyx, limb 4-lobed, 3-4 mm long; upper lobe emarginate, larger; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, usually exserted. Fruit of 4 smooth, reticulate, or tubercled nutlets.

Parts used:
Whole herb

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oil containing 70-90% l-menthol, other monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids as l-menthone, cineol, caryophyllene, l-limonene, isomenthone, germacrene-D, piperitone, pulegone

Therapeutic uses:
• Chronic fever (Jirna Jvara)
• Pain (Sula)
• Digestive impairment (Agnimandya)
• Dyspepsia (Ajirna)
• Tastelessness (Aruci)
• Diarrhoea (Atisara)
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Emesis (Chardi)
• Flatulance (Adhmana)
• Hiccup (Hikka)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Worm infestation (Krmi)
• Dysuria (Mutrakrcchra)
• Dysmenorrhoea (Kasthartava)
• Puerperal fever (Prasutijvara)
• Intoxication (Mada)
• Gastro-enteritis with piercing pain (Visucika)
• Malabsorption syndrome (Grahani)
• (Vaktrajadya)
• Fever (Jvara)

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