Boswellia serrata Roxb.
Botanical Name:
Boswellia serrata Roxb.

Sallaki consists of gum-resin exudate of Boswellia serrata Roxb. , Family Burseraceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Sallaki
Assamese: Sallaki
Bengali: Luban, Salai, Salgai
English: Indian Olibanum
Gujarati: Shaledum, Saleda, Saladi, Gugal, Saledhi
Hindi: Salai, Labana
Kannada: Madimar, Chilakdupa, Tallaki, Maddi
Kashmiri: Kunturukkam, Samprani
Marathi: Salai cha dink
Punjabi: Salai Gonda
Tamil: Parangi Sambrani
Telugu: Parangi sambrani, Anduga, Kondagugi tamu
Urdu: Kundur

Botanical description:
A medium to large deciduous tree, up to 18 m in height and 2.4 m in girth. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets ovate or ovate-lanceolate, variable. Flowers small, white, in axillary racemes or panicles. Drupes 12 mm long, trigonous, scarlet when young, turn white at maturity. Bark thick and aromatic. When cut, a secretion exudes and becomes gum-like after exposure to air. The gum solidifies slowly with time. It is reddish brown, greenish yellow, or dull yellow to orange in colour. It occurs in small, ovoid, fragrant tears. Sometimes the tears form agglomerated masses up to 5 cm long and 2 cm thick. Fracture is brittle, fractured surface is waxy and translucent.

Parts used:
Dried gum-resin

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oil (a-thujene, sabinene, a-pinene and a-phellandrene)
Triterpenes (boswellic acids)

Therapeutic uses:
•Fever (Jvara)
• Excessive vaginal discharge (Pradra)
• Astma (Svasa)
• Pain due to ulcer (Vrsana Sula)
• Disease of mouth (Mukharoga)

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