Zingiber officinale
Botanical Name:
Zingiber officinale

Saunth consists of dried rhizome of Zingiber officinale Roxb, Family Zingiberaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Ausadha, Muhausadha, Nagara, Visva, Visvabhesaja, Srngavera, Visva, Visvauasadha
Assamese: Adasuth, Aadar Shuth
Bengali: Suntha, Sunthi
English: Ginger root, Ginger
Gujarati: Sunth, Sundh, Suntha
Hindi: Sonth
Kannada: Shunthi
Kashmiri: Shonth
Malayalam: Chukku
Marathi: Sunth
Oriya: Sunthi
Punjabi: Sund
Tamil: Sukku, Chukku
Telugu: Sonthi, Sunti
Urdu: Sonth, Zanjabeel

Botanical description:
A perennial herb with a subterranean, digitately branched rhizome; stems up to 1.50 m in height with linear lanceolate sheathing leaves (5–30cm long and 8–20 mm wide) that are alternate, smooth and pale green. Flower stems shorter than leaf stems and bearing a few flowers, each surrounded by a thin bract and situated in axils of large, greenish yellow obtuse bracts, which are closely arranged at end of flower stem forming collectively an ovate-oblong spike.

Parts used:
Dried rhizome

Major chemical constituent:
Essential oil, pungent constituents (gingerol and shogaol), resinous matter and starch

Therapeutic uses:
• Digestive impairment (Agnimandya)
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Flatulance with gurgling sound (Adhmana)
• Rheumatism (Amavata)
• Anaemia (Pandu)
• Diseases of abdomen (Udararoga)

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