Albizzia lebbeck
Botanical Name:
Albizzia lebbeck

Shirish consists of stem bark of Albizzia lebbeck Benth, Family Fabaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Bhandi, Sitapuspa, Sukapriya, Mrdupuspa
Bengali: Sirish, Siris
English: Siris Tree, Lebbeck Tree
Guajarati: Shirish
Hindi: Siris, Shiris
Kannada: Bagey, Bage Mara, Hombage
Malayalam: Vaka, Nanmenivaka
Marathi: Siris
Oriya: Sersuan, Sirisha
Punjabi: Sirish, Sareehn
Tamil: Vakai
Telugu: Dirisena
Urdu: Siris

Botanical description:
Albizia lebbeck is a large tree and can attain a height of 30 m and a diameter of 1 m; more often it is 15-20 m tall with a diameter of 50 cm; bark grey-violet with rusty brown breathing pores, rough and fissured. Compound leaves bipinnate, glabrous or slightly hairy on the axis; pinnae in 2-4 pairs, each with 2-11 pairs of obliquely oblong leaflets 15-45 x 8-22 mm, shortly stalked; glabrous glands are raised, elliptic to circular, on the upper side of the stalk close to the base and between most pairs of leaflets.Flowers appear shortly after new leaves, are white, heavily scented, with the stamens free above the corolla, in heads 18-36 mm across excluding the stamens, on a stout stalk 5-7.5 cm long, appearing singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils and in terminal panicles; stamens 30-40,yellowish-green on top side, white underside, up to 5 cm long; flower stalks up to 5 mm long; corolla tube, 1 cm long. Pods pale straw to light brown at maturity, narrow-oblong, 15-26 x 3-5 cm, papery, leathery, flat and not raised or constricted between seeds; seeds brown, flat, orbicular or elliptic, 8-10 x 6-7 mm; transversely placed with 6- 12 in each pod.

Parts used:
Stem bark

Major chemical constituent:
Saponins and Tannins

Therapeutic uses:
• Eczema (Pama)
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• Itching (Kandu)
• Erysepales (Visarpa)
• Cough (Kasa)
• Ulcer (Vrana)
• Inflammation (Sotha)
• Asthma (Svasa)
• Rat poisoning (Musaka Visa)
• Urticaria (Sita Pitta)
• Vitiation of Blood and its components (Raktadusti)
• Chronic rhinitis (Pinasa)
• Intermittent fever (Visamajvara)
• Coryza (Pratisyaya)
• Snake bite (Sarpadansa)
• Disorders due to poison (Visadusti)
• Sinusitis (Suryavarta)
• Migraine (Ardhvabhedaka)
• Worm infestation (Krmi Roga)
• Conjunctivitis (Netrabhiasanda)

Powered by PHARMAVEDA (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Mumbai, INDIA