Taxus baccata
Botanical Name:
Taxus baccata

Sthauneya consists of dried leaf of Taxus baccata Linn, Family Taxaceae

Common Name(s) in English & Indian Languages
Sanskrit: Sukapuspa, Vikarna
Bengali: Birmi, Bhirmie, Talish Patra, Bhada Getela
English: Himalayan Yew
Guajarati: Gethela Barmi
Hindi: Thuner, Talispatra Bhed
Kannada: Sthauneyak
Malayalam: Thuriangam, Tuniyankam
Marathi: Sthauney Barmi
Oriya: Talisabhed, Chalisa Patra
Punjabi: Birmi
Tamil: Talisapatri-Bhedam
Telugu: Taleesa Patri Bhedamu
Urdu: Birmi, Zarnab

Botanical description:
A tree 40 to 50 feet high, forming with age a very stout trunk covered with red-brown, peeling bark and topped with a rounded or wide-spreading head of branches; leaves spirally attached to twigs, but by twisting of the stalks brought more or less into two opposed ranks, dark, glossy, almost black-green above, grey, pale-green or yellowish beneath, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, 1/16 to 1/12 inch wide. Flowers unisexual, with the sexes invariably on different trees, produced in spring from the leaf axils of the preceding summer's twigs. Male, a globose cluster of stamens; female, an ovule surrounded by small bracts, the so-called fruit bright red, sometimes yellow, juicy and encloses the seed.

Parts used:

Major chemical constituent:
Alkaloids, Glycoside, Tannins, Resins

Therapeutic uses:
• Disorders of blood (Rakta Vikara)
• Thirst (Trsna)
• Non elevated mole (Tilaka)
• Burning sensation (Daha)
• Diseases of skin (Kustha)
• worm infestation (Krmi Roga)
• Carbuncle (Pidika)
• Tumor (Arbuda / Karkata)

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